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16

 Functional Assessment of Urinary Neuro-biogenic Amines—A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE

immunoglobulin G (IgG) food

antigen tests and ADHD symptoms,

with relapse of ADHD symptoms

upon food challenge in 63% of

children.

Studies indicate that a

subpopulation of children may

be sensitive to artificial food

dyes; symptoms of exposure

may include irritability, sleep

problems, inattention, impulsivity,

and hyperactivity. The reactions

may not be restricted to children

with ADHD, but may occur in

the general population. Three

genes, histamine degradation

gene polymorphisms HNMT

T939C, HNMT Thr105Ile and

dopamine transporter gene DAT1

polymorphism (short versus

long) have been associated with

susceptibility to food dyes. Blue #1

food dye is known to cross the blood

brain barrier.

Ketogenic diets are high in fat and

low in carbohydrates; this diet is

used to minimize symptoms and

seizures in epileptic patients. Studies

indicate that some ADHD children

have epileptiform brainwave

discharges. Animal studies indicate

that ketogenic diets may decrease

activity levels.

Diets rich in fruits, vegetables, and

healthy fats that avoid highly processed

foods, food allergies or intolerances, and

that employ more traditional cooking

methods (such as steaming) have been

consistently associated with improved

health and decreased risk of chronic, de-

generative diseases.

Certain foods should be avoided for

at least three days prior to neurotrans-

mitter testing. Different foods may con-

tain neuro-active compounds or affect

the synthesis or metabolism of different

neurotransmitters. In addition, patients

should avoid cold weather conditions

before and during testing and ensure

proper hydration with water or fluids.

Catecholamine (dopamine, epinephrine,

norepinephrine) levels may be affected

by:

Alcohol

Amines

Walnuts, avocados, fava beans,

cheese, beer, red wine

Banana

Chocolate

Citrus fruits

Cocoa

Coffee

Cola

Licorice

Tea

Vanilla

Serotonin levels may be affected by:

Avocado

Bananas

Eggplant

Fruit (especially those listed)

Kiwi fruit

Nuts (especially those listed)

Pineapple

Plums and prunes

Tomato products

Walnuts

Medication

Medications may alter neurotrans-

mitter levels by binding to or blocking

neurotransmitter receptors.

No medica-

tion should ever be discontinued with-

out the permission of the prescribing

physician.

Sudden discontinuation of

certain medications may be hazardous

to health.

Neuro-active medications are de-

signed to alter neurotransmission; used

according to prescription and under